In the article The Menace of Mechanical Music, John Philip Sousa expresses his pessimistic attitudes towards the future impacts of musical technology. Sousa, known as “the March King”, was an American composer of military marches in the early 19th century. He predicted in his writing that there will be “a marked deterioration in American music and American taste, an interruption in the musical development of the country,” due to the advancement of musical technologies such as of the phonograph. He justifies his argument saying that these machines will replace instruments, and therefore reduce the number of amateur musicians. However, I believe that technology has made the world more “musical”, as it made both the consumption and the production of music easier and cheaper. Perhaps it is true that more people used to sing and play instruments back when recording music was not a possibility. However, this was limited to the elite, as reading music and being able to play instruments were only possible for those that were able to afford musical education. As the phonograph was invented, those who were unable to do so gained access to consume music. A more recent example is the invention of the karaoke, as it enabled access to machinery that only professionals were able to use. Sousa’s argument on how people will perform music less in the future due to technology is therefore debatable. Further, being able to stream music anywhere using a smartphone, is living proof that technology has made music ubiquitous in our modern lives.