In his article on the developments of musical technology and its potential, John Sousa foresees a “marked deterioration in American music and musical taste, an interruption in the musical development of the country, and a host of other injuries to music in its artistic manifestations” (278).  Sousa worried that the effects of owning a phonograph would decline if not take away the soul and emotional feelings that music provides. He argues the industry would become passionless as the accessibility of music will rapidly increase. Clearly, this has not been the case. The worldwide accessibility of music has done quite the opposite of Sousa’s prediction. The advent of the internet, mp3s, iPods, and streaming services such as Spotify or Apple Music was revolutionary – as was the phonograph – and has provided more passion and soul for artists and listeners. The widespread use of such technological advancements today has made it impossible to imagine a world in which they did not exist. With regards to live music,  I believe the effect that live performances has on us is completely situational. A rap concert has a completely opposite atmosphere as an orchestral ensemble in that the energy of a performance is indicative of the audience’s soul connection to the music. For certain types of music, I think the audience would not realize a change if one replaced a live performer with a recording of their music. After all, some artists lip sync in concerts all the time.