John Philip Sousa was an American composer and conductor during the Romantic era. He wrote hundreds of marches, dances, and operas many of which are still utilized today in American military forces. While Sousa was an original and imaginative musical creator, he detested the creation and influence of the modern phonograph on music composition and culture. Sousa worried that the replication of music would diminish the effect of the “expression of soul” and reduce the emotional expression of music down to something mathematic and passionless. Sousa was also troubled by the possibility of Americans no longer valuing the traditional study of music; claiming that when music can be easily accessed, people will become indifferent to the practice of honing musical skills themselves. In modern American, recorded music has become a source for the creation and dispersal of emotive art. Though music is not coming directly from the artist/composer to the listener, recorded music has not lessened the effect that music can have on a persons emotional and physical status. The broad availability of music has allowed modern day listeners to broaden the style, type, and time of the music they are listening to and find pieces that they can more deeply connect with. Similarly, while music is not as readily taught in schools as it once was, the ability to find recorded works of musicians has allowed children and adults to learn music and instruments from those who have already developed their musical skills via recordings. While I agree with Sousa regarding the importance of live music, I believe that the invention of recorded music has worked to benefit musicians and the music community.