Strongly featured in the excerpts from the “Openeer Papers” is the preservation of the narrative voice (especially in Chapter Two). Strange for a portion of text gathered from a work entitled The Phonograph and How to Use It (which sounds rather like an instruction manual), the main effect of the voices seems to be the normalization of the machine itself. By having the voice of a friendly neighborhood everyman tell of his fun encounters with the phonograph; the phonograph no longer seems like a cold machine used only in demonstrations. Lacking the technical talk of a traditional how-to manual, the anecdotal passage makes the technology less intimidating. The story-like structure of the text forces the reader to see the phonograph in a social setting, as a tool of endless entertainment to be enjoyed in good company. Moreover, the narrative voice has long been a tool of advertisement. A reader in 1900 reading all about the Openeers amazing their friends and hosting sophisticated gatherings surely will feel left out of the fun and want in. And if they are unsure what function the invention serves? The text has that covered- with what are essentially bullet points of each use relayed by Mr. Openeer in a “I heard of a novel use for a phonograph the other day…” format. If even then the reader is skeptical of the various uses, the second half of the reading teaches them how to use the phonograph as an excuse to throw soirées- detailing the preparations and procedures right down to the finger foods.